It is absolutely necessary to know what type of skin you have as it will help you choose right skin care products and treatment. You might be born with a particular skin type, but it might change over the time depending upon your health and skin care routine you follow.
Basic types of skin
There are basically 5 types of skin – normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive. The types vary depending on the water content, oil content and sensitivity level. Let’s discuss each type of skin in detail:
- Dry skin
- Oily skin
- Combination skin
- Sensitive skin
- Normal skin
This type of skin lacks moisture and hence is prone to wrinkles, irritation, dull and rough complexion. Extremely dry skin can even become rough, scaly and develop red patches. As the barrier of dry skin lacks lipid, it is weak and doesn’t let the moisture locked in for long. So, regular moisturising is necessary to keep the skin healthy and glowing. Applying an intensely hydrating moisturizer right after bathing is the best way to care for dry skin. You must reapply the moisturizer as needed throughout the day.
Most people think that dry and dehydrated skins are same. Contrary to the belief, they are two different things. On one hand where dry skin lacks natural oil, dehydrated skin on other hand is due to lack of water. You can develop dehydrated skin if you don’t drink enough water.
If you skin produces excess oil or sebum due to the overactive sebaceous glands, then your skin type is oily. This type of skin has enlarged pores, looks shiny or greasy and is prone to blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes. Some people have oily skin from birth, while some develop it at puberty or at the transition into menopause. The main reason behind this is hormonal changes. Keeping your skin clean and dirt free by using a gentle cleanser twice a day can help manage greasiness. If you have this type of skin, then avoid using rich moisturisers and use only non-comedogenic products that don’t clog pores.
This type of skin has patches of both dry and oily skin. Usually cheeks are dry, while T-zone and forehead are oily. You skin can have overly dilated pores, blackheads in T-zone and shiny skin on forehead and chin. It can be difficult to manage such skin as you need different products for different parts. To manage your skin, treat cheeks and area around eyes with rich creams and moisturizers. Frequently and thoroughly clean and exfoliate the oily area using gentle products.
Sensitive skin is generally very dry and tends to become easily inflamed and develop red patches. This is mainly because the outer layer of skin is very weak and hence gets damaged easily. People with sensitive skin are allergic to different things and must try to find out their specific triggers and avoid them. You must also be careful while picking skin care products as many harsh ingredients can cause itching and redness. Avoid chemical laden products as they can react strongly and cause inflammation.
It is a skin type we all dream to have. People with this type of skin have few imperfections, no severe sensitivities, barely visible pore and are blessed with a glowing complexion. It is easy to find skin care products for this type as no ingredient reacts strongly. Regular cleansing, toning and moisturising are enough to maintain the radiant glow. Rejoice if you are the lucky one to have normal skin.
How to know your skin type?
If you are not sure about your skin type, then take a simple test. Take a tissue paper or a facial wipe and clean your face using it in the morning after your wake up.
- If the tissue is clean, but your face skin feels tight and you see flakes and dryness after you have wiped it, then you have dry skin.
- If you see traces of oil on the tissue, then you have got oily skin.
- If the tissue has traces of oil coming from your nose and forehead, but is clean when you wipe it on your cheeks, then you have combination skin.
- You will know that you have sensitive skin when you feel itchy and burning after using certain products or easily develop inflammation even due to weather change.
- If the tissues comes off clean and you skin feels completely healthy, then you are blessed with normal skin.
So, now that you have the idea about different skin types, it will help you make smarter decisions about what products to use and which to ditch.