Everyone’s skin is unique and has different needs. No two skins can be cared for in the same way as they differ in texture, moisture level, oil content and experience different skin problems. For keeping your skin looking radiant and glowing, it is essential that you care for it using products that are specially formulated for it. In order to know what skincare product you need to use, first you must be aware of your skin type. Most people think that there are just three types of skin - normal, oily and dry, however, that’s not true.
There are basically 5 types of skin – normal, sensitive, oily, dry and a combination. Each of these needs a different routine of care with different products.
You can’t ask for anything else, if you have normal skin. It’s the least problematic skin and requires minimum care. It feels soft and supple most of the time without much effort. People with normal skin have no or few imperfections. This kind of skin is hardly sensitive to any ingredient or environmental change. While ageing, normal skin might experience hyperpigmentation and a loss of tone.
Twice a day cleaning, toning and moisturizing is enough to look your best when you have normal skin. For cleansing you can use a foaming facial wash and for toning any alcohol-free product can work. To moisturise your skin use a light, non-greasy product. Exfoliate once a week using a gentle scrub to remove dead skin cells. Make sure you apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen lotion before you step out.
When normal skin starts showing signs of aging, you can start using products with a high concentration of AHAs to boost cellular turnover. Products enriched with potent antioxidants like Vitamin C can help lighten complexion and prevent environmental damage. We recommend Skinception Kollagen Intensiv - Collagen Renewal For Ageless Skin.
If your skin feels tight after washing or if you see flaky patches after you wake up in the morning, your skin is dry. This type of skin feels rough and tight all year round. When exposed to harsh chemicals or extreme weather conditions, dry skin can easily become itchy, irritated and inflamed. As dry skin lacks natural oil and has low moisture retention capacity, it is more prone to development of wrinkles and fine lines, although spots will develop rarely.
When you have dry skin, anything that is moisturising is your skin’s best friend. Daily skincare regime for dry skin must involve cleansing with a cream-based cleanser. Cleansing milk or cleansing oils can also be used for removing dirt and impurities. Instead of rinsing the cleanser with water, wipe it away with tissues or cotton wool. People with dry skin can skip using toner and use lukewarm water to remove traces of cleanser. Next, gently massage a rich and heavy moisturiser on your skin. Follow with a sunscreen to protect skin from UV damage. Avoid soaps and scrubs as they can aggravate dryness.
Due to a weak barrier function, dry skin can’t retain moisture for longer. So it becomes essential that we reapply moisturiser at frequent intervals. If your skin is very dry, you can notice flakiness on your hands, arms, and legs. To reduce this use a rich body cream like Makari™ Body Beautifying Milk. Drinking plenty of water can also help avoid dryness. Dry skin with visible lines and wrinkles can be treated with lipid-rich natural oils and botanicals that soothe and strengthen the skin.
If your skin feels greasy most of the time, then you probably have oily skin. Sebaceous glands in this type of skin are overactive and product excessive sebum/oil that not only makes skin look shiny and oily, but also clogs pores, causing acne. People with oily skin have large pores on the entire face and can easily develop pimples after using heavy oils or pore-clogging ingredients. While some people are born with this type of skin, others might develop it post puberty, pregnancy or menopause due to hormonal imbalances.
To care for oily skin, you need products that control sebum production, while unclogging the pores. For cleansing, a foaming, oil-free face wash is ideal. It is a myth that people with oily skin must cleanse more than twice a day. Excessive cleansing can aggravate sebum production and hence, must be avoided. Follow cleansing with toning using purifying product such as Makari™ Purifying and Cleansing Tonic. When you have oily skin, toning is the most important part of your skincare regime as it helps tighten the skin making pores less visible and less prone to clogging. Toning must be followed by a very light oil-free moisturiser.
Using an exfoliating scrub at least three times a week and a deep cleansing mask once a week can help reduce the production of sebum without stripping away essential oils, leaving your skin smooth and less prone to breakouts. For oily ageing skin you need products with ingredients that provide anti-ageing benefits while clearing pores and hydrating skin. Pore-clearing exfoliates and hydrating antioxidants such as Vitamin C, Hyaluronic Acid and Salicylic Acid can help reduce fines and wrinkles while clearing breakouts.
In a combination skin type oil cheeks, mouth and eye areas have features of dry skin, but the 'T-zone' of the nose and forehead show characteristics of oily skin. While enlarged pores can be seen in the ‘T-zone’ and can experience breakouts, skin on cheeks and other places can feel tight and dry. People with combination skin may also have some areas of sensitivity.
The best way to care for combination skin is to treat each region differently. It is completely all right to mix and match skincare products. You can use a genital foam based cleanser and follow it with toner for oily area. Don’t use a toner on the dry area. Dab light moisturiser in the T-zone, but for cheeks use a thicker layer of the same product.
While ageing, combination skin can be prone to breakouts, especially in the T-zone. For that you can use products with pore-cleaning BHAs and gentle blemish-clearing ingredients that don’t leave skin feeling tight, dry or irritated. To reduce wrinkles and fine lines products like Skin Doctors Antarctilyne Plump3 can be used.
If you can see patches of redness or if your skin easily reacts to sun exposure, changing weather or even gentle ingredients, then you have sensitive skin. This type of skin can be easily damaged as the skin’s barrier function is weak. It can be really hard to manage sensitive skin as it can become easily inflamed. Many people with sensitive skin also suffer from conditions such as rosacea and eczema.
When choosing skin care products for sensitive skin, it is important to know about the things that can cause a reaction. In fact, sensitive skin reacts to different factors and triggers. Products that are labelled as hypo-allergenic are considered safe for sensitive skin, but still ingredients must be carefully checked to ensure that you aren’t allergic to them. It is best to use products with natural ingredients, as the chances of skin reactions are low.
For regular skin care, soothing cleansers like PyratineXR Soothing Antioxidant Cleanser can be used. There is no need for a toner as it can irritate skin. Simply follow cleansing with fragrance-free soothing and hydrating moisturisers. Avoid scrubs, soaps and any cosmetic product that contains harsh chemicals and ingredients.