Rosacea commonly affects middle-aged women who have fair skin, although it can occur in anyone. If left untreated, rosacea tends to worsen over time. While there's no cure, treatments can control and reduce the signs and symptoms.
Rosacea as you already know is a skin condition which bothers 1 in 10 people in the UK. It begins as a tendency to blush easily and progress to become a permanent redness on the face. With time, the redness spreads over the cheeks, forehead, chin and sometimes even the eyes. The exact cause of rosacea is unknown and this is the reason you can’t cure that problem. If you have rosacea, you can just use treatments to control and reduce the flushing and other symptoms.
When it comes to rosacea treatment, identifying the condition in its early stages it the first step towards control. Many people aren’t able to recognize the problem initially, when it is easy to control. Once the redness spreads and becomes persistent, it gets tough to manage the skin. Rosacea treatment usually varies for individual as rosacea triggers and symptoms can be different. But, mostly a combination of skin care and lifestyle changes is recommended to control the flushing and inflammation. Here is a list of treatments available for rosacea:
- Prescription medication: Dermatologists may recommend antibiotics in the form of creams, gels or lotions to calm inflammation on the face. Usually antibiotic pills more effective in the short term, but they can also cause severe side-effects. In cases where antibiotics don't work, acne drugs like isotretinoin are recommended. These are effective only in cases, where rosacea and acne coexist. As these drugs are powerful, they are not recommended for pregnant and nursing women. The treatment can continue as long as a year, depending upon the type and severity of symptoms. Usually long-term regular treatment is required as symptoms may recur if you stop taking medications.
- Skin care: In cases where rosacea is just at a stage where flushing on the face is persistent and it occasionally causing irritation, right skin care can be helpful. Using a gentle cleanser and rosacea treatment cream can help reduce flushing and inflammation. As sun rays are one of most common rosacea triggers, applying sunscreen lotion of SPF at least 15 is as important as using creams to control redness. Women, who apply makeup, must ensure that they use products that are free from fragrance, chemical and irritants like menthol and alcohol. Right skin care is even required if you are taking prescription medication.
- Surgical and other procedures: In more advanced cases of rosacea, a condition called rhinophyma may develop, causing bumpy skin, enlarged red nose and puffy cheeks. Surgical methods, such as laser surgery and electrosurgery, can be used in these cases to reduce the visibility of blood vessels, remove tissue build-up around your nose and improve overall appearance.
Irrespective of the rosacea treatment you use, it if important to make certain lifestyle changes to prevent condition from aggravating. You can prevent flare-ups by:
- Minimizing exposure to rosacea triggers
- Avoiding the use of chemical-based skin care products
- Protecting your face from cold wind or heat wave
- Wearing sunscreen 365 days a year